Tafsir al Kurtubi
Tafsir al-Qurtubi is a 13th-century work of Qur’an exegesis (Arabic: tafsir) by the classical scholar Al-Qurtubi. Tafsir al-Qurtubi is also known as Al-Jami Li-Ahkam or Al-Jami’ li Ahkam al-Qur’an or Tafsir al-Jami’ .
The basic objective of this tafsir was to deduce juristic injunctions and rulings from the Quran yet, while doing so, al-Qurtubi has also provided the explanation of verses, research into difficult words, discussion of diacritical marks and elegance of style and composition. The book has been published repeatedly.
Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani (DB) has written in his ‘Uloomu-l-Qur’an (An Approach to the Qur’anic Sciences)
Imam Qurtubi is Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Abu Bakr ibn Farah, Abu Abdullah al-Ansari al-Qurtubi, of Cordova (in present day Spain). A Maliki scholar and hadith specialist, he was one of the greatest Imams of Koranic exegesis, an ascetic who divided his days between worship and writing. Educated in hadith by masters like Ali ibn Muhammad al-Yahsabi and al-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Bakri, he wrote works in the sciences of hadith and tenets of faith, though his enduring contribution is his twenty volume al-Jami li Ahkam al-Qur’an [The compendium of the rules of the Koran], from which he mainly omitted the stories and histories customary in other commentaries, and recorded instead the legal rulings contained in the Koran and how scholars have inferred them, together with canonical readings (qira’at), Arabic grammar, and which verses abrogate others and which are abrogated (nasikh wa mansukh). Scholars have used it extensively ever since it was written. It is related that Qurtubi disdained airs, and used to walk about in a simple caftan with a plain cap (taqiyya) on his head. He travelled east and settled in Munya Abi al-Khusayb in upper Egypt, where he died in 671/1273 (Quoted in the appendix to the Reliance of the Traveller, p. 1090, by Sh. Nuh Keller)
Al-Qurtubi was a follower of Imam Malik ibn Anas’s school of thought in Islamic Jurisprudence. The basic purpose of this book was to deduce juristic injunctions and rulings from the Qur’anic Ayat but in this connection he has very aptly commented on the meanings of Ayat, scrutiny of difficult words, composition and rhetoric and relevant narrations in the exegesis. Particularly the instructions obtainable from the Qur’an for everyday life have been clearly explained. The preface of this book is also detailed and comprises important discussions on the sciences of the Qur’an.
The Quran also romanized Qur’an or Koran, is the central religious text of Islam, believed by Muslims to be a revelation from God (Allah). It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature. It is organised in 114 chapters, which consist of verses.Muslims believe that the Quran was orally revealed by God to the final prophet.
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