Jami at. Tirmidhi
Jami’ at Tirmidhi (Arabic: جامع الترمذي), also known as Sunan at-Tirmidhi, is one of “the six books” (Kutub al-Sittah – the six major hadith collections). It was collected by Al-Tirmidhi.He began compiling it after the year 250 A.H. (A.D. 864/5) and completed it on the 10 Dhu-al-Hijjah 270 A.H. (A.D. 884, June 9).It contains 3,956 Hadith, and has been divided into fifty chapters. It is also classified as a Sunan, which implies that the book has been chapterised according to legal chapters, such as Purification, Prayer, Poor-due and Fasting, narrated on the authority of Islamic prophet Muhammad, while the opinions of the companions are usually not mentioned.
Tirmidhi’s method was that of placing the heading first, then mentioning one or two Hadith which were related to the heading. These Hadith are followed by his opinion as to the status of the Hadith. Subsequently, he mentions the opinions of the different jurists. He also indicates if there were other narrations transmitted by other companions on the same subject. His principal aim was to discuss the legal opinions of early jurists. Tirmidhi mostly mentioned those Hadith which the jurists used as the basis for their legal decisions and he mentioned which school used which tradition/s. Hence this book became an important source for the different view-points of the various legal schools. The Jami’ thus bears the distinction of being one of the oldest texts dealing with the difference of opinion amongst the various jurisprudential schools. Although Shari’a (b. 150-d.204 A.H.) wrote his Kitab al-Umm before Tirmidhi’s Jami’, the Kitab al-Umm is less comprehensive in comparison to the Jami’ of Tirmidhi.
The Quran also romanized Qur’an or Koran,is the central religious text of Islam, believed by Muslims to be a revelation from God.It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature.It is organised in 114 chapters, which consist of verses.Muslims believe that the Quran was orally revealed by God to the final prophet, Muhammad, through the archangel Gabriel (Jibril), incrementally over a period of some 23 years.
Hadith literally means talk or discourse or Athar in Islam refers to what Muslims believe to be a record of the words, actions, and the silent approval of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Hadith have been called the backbone of Islamic civilisation, and within that religion the authority of Hadith as a source for religious law and moral guidance ranks second only to that of the Quran (which Muslims hold to be the word of Allah revealed to his messenger Muhammad).
Hadith is the Arabic word for things like speech, report, account, narrative. Unlike the Quran, not all Muslims believe that hadith accounts are divine revelation. Hadith were not written down by Muhammad’s followers immediately after his death but many generations later when they were collected, collated and compiled into a great corpus of Islamic literature. Different collections of hadīth would come to differentiate the different branches of the Islamic faith.There are many modern Muslims (some of whom call themselves Quranists but many are also known as Submitters) who believe that most Hadiths are actually fabrications created in the 8th and 9th century CE, and which are falsely attributed to Muhammad.
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